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Hosts and Displacement Sites

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Hosting Displaced Households

In addition to exploring experiences of displacement, the survey asked households whether or not they had hosted any displaced individuals over the ten year period prior to the survey. Overall, 11 percent of the households had done so, with the highest proportion found in Lanao del Sur (17%), Maguindanao (13%), and North Cotabato (11%). Few households (3%) indicated hosting displaced individuals at the time of the survey. Among hosts, the main barriers to the return of those displaced were identified as the destruction of their dwelling in the site of origin (32%), fear (16%), and the lack of job / employment opportunities (15%).

Hosting displaced households or individuals had impacts on the host families. These were most frequently reported as being the financial cost involved with hosting displaced individuals, (49%), the lack of space / crowding that results from the presence of additional individuals in the dwelling (30%), and the need to sell goods or assets to provide food and support to the displaced (15%).

Site of Displacement

For each cause of displacement, respondents were asked a series of questions about the site to which they moved upon leaving their place of origin. The results show that the majority moved within the same province: 15 percent moved to another sitio/purok but in the same Barangay, one-third moved to another Barangay in the same municipality (33%) and a little more than one-third moved to another municipality but in the same province (36%). A few households moved to another province (9%). Households tended to move further (i.e. other municipality) for rido-induced displacement, while they tended to stay closer (i.e. same Barangay but different sitio/purok) for other causes of displacement.

Figure 9: Location of the site of displacement by cause.

Figure 9 -  Location of the site of displacement by cause.

For 67 percent of the displaced household, family ties were the most important factor in selecting asite of displacement. This was followed by the perceived security risk (59%). Other factors including the availability of services and assistance (27%), access to land (9%) or employment opportunities (4%) were less frequently mentioned. Disaggregated by causes of displacement, the results suggest that family ties and perceived security risk are the main factor influencing decisions for armedgroup-and rido-induced displacement, while access to land and employment opportunities were important criteria among those displaced for other reasons (e.g. environmental causes) of displacement.

Figure 10: Factors influencing the selection of the site of displacement

Figure 10 -  Factors influencing the selection of the site of displacement